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Wednesday, July 22, 2020 | History

1 edition of Effects of stream channelization on bottomland and swamp forest ecosystems found in the catalog.

Effects of stream channelization on bottomland and swamp forest ecosystems

Effects of stream channelization on bottomland and swamp forest ecosystems

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Published by Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina in Raleigh, N.C .
Written in English

    Places:
  • North Carolina.
    • Subjects:
    • Stream channelization -- Environmental aspects -- North Carolina.,
    • Swamp ecology -- North Carolina.,
    • Forest ecology -- North Carolina.

    • Edition Notes

      Statementby T. Ewald Maki ... [et al.].
      SeriesReport / Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina ;, no. 147, Report (Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina) ;, no. 147.
      ContributionsMaki, T. Ewald 1907-1980., Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsHD1694.N8 N6 no. 147, QH545.S8 N6 no. 147
      The Physical Object
      Paginationxviii, 135 p. :
      Number of Pages135
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL4243077M
      LC Control Number80624174

      Stream Ecosystems in a Changing Environment synthesizes the current understanding of stream ecosystem ecology, emphasizing nutrient cycling and carbon dynamics, and providing a forward-looking perspective regarding the response of stream ecosystems to environmental chapter includes a section focusing on anticipated and ongoing dynamics in stream ecosystems . A pond is an area filled with water, either natural or artificial, that is smaller than a lake. It may arise naturally in floodplains as part of a river system, or be a somewhat isolated depression (such as a kettle, vernal pool, or prairie pothole).It may contain shallow water with aquatic plants and animals.. Factors that affect the type of life found in a pond include depth and duration of.

      Excessive drought is also highly detrimental to river systems. One of the most famous examples of drought impacts is seen in the Colorado River delta in Mexico, which was once a highly productive floodplain forest and swamp, but due to prolonged drought conditions in the river basin and water infrastructure development, is now a dry desert.   Introduction. Over the past 30–40 years much research on freshwater ecosystems has focused on the effects of various anthropogenic stressors and how the resulting degraded systems can be restored (Gleick ; Cook et al. ; Giller ).In Europe, the implementation of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) has intensified this focus even more, .

      The effects of this change on groundwater levels and on the forest community are unknown. EFFECTS OF CHANNELIZATION AND HEADCUTTING ON RIPARIAN ECOSYSTEMS: Channelization and headcutting cause a disruption of the flood regime that can change critical river-floodplain interactions, thereby degrading adjacent floodplain ecosystems (Shankman . bar, gravel wash, river front forest, wet bottomland forest, wet-mesic bottomland forest, swamp, marsh, fen, and in some cases, dry-mesic and mesic bottomland forest; Soils—soils formed in alluvial parent materials (see Appendix B); and Hydrology—the actual stream routes (flowing as well as some losing stream.


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Effects of stream channelization on bottomland and swamp forest ecosystems Download PDF EPUB FB2

Effects of stream channelization on bottomland and swamp forest ecosystems. Raleigh, N.C.: Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina, [] (OCoLC) Effects of stream channelization on bottomland and swamp forest ecosystems.

Show full item record. Title: Effects of stream channelization on bottomland and swamp forest ecosystems: Author: Maki, T. Ewald; Weber, Cited by: UNC - WRRI EFFECTS OF STREAM CHANNELIZATION ON BOTTOMLAND AND SWAMP FOREST ECOSYSTEMS BY T. Evald Maki Andrew J. Weber Dennis W.

Hazel, 41 Serena C. Hunt &/-Bengt T. Hyberg, 3/ D Mitchell Flinchum, - John P. Lollis, 37'Judy (Baldwin) Rognstad, 61 and Jimmy D. Gregory. Department of Forestry School of Forest Resources. Nitrogen and phosphorus exports from channelizedstream watersheds were elevated over those from nearby natural swamp-stream watersheds.

Nitrate exports were significantly greater from channelized-stream watersheds, and higher exports were attributed to faster groundwater drawdown, continual streamflow, and transformation of former floodplain to croplands following by: Effects of stream channelization on bottomland and swamp forest ecosystems by T.

Ewald Maki supports a typical deciduous hardwood bottomland forest. The investigations emphasized field measurements of the major compartments and of the dominant fluxes between these compartments in the natural swamp for two years. Most of the organic C in. To the extent possible, specific alterations, such as levee construction, stream channelization, introduction of toxic compounds, etc., are related to one or more of these three categories.

Impacts that occur in BLH ecosystems or affect them indirectly (e.g., upland land use) are listed in Table 1 under appropriate categories. Complex Effects of Channelization and Levee Construction on Western Tennessee Floodplain Forest Function Article (PDF Available) in Wetlands 29(2) June with Reads.

In the interest of increasing productivity of forested wetlands for timber production and/or wildlife value, management schemes that deal mainly with water-level control have been developed.

The three forest types in the southeastern U.S. most commonly affected are cypress/tupelo forests, bottomland hardwood forests, and wet pine sites (including pocosins).

Emergent plants dominate the vegetation of most wetlands and net primary production is usually estimated using the harvest or eddy-covariance approaches outlined in Chapter primary productivity varies widely across wetland ecosystems depending on nutrient supply (Brinson et al.

Brown ).Unlike terrestrial ecosystems, where variation in vegetation type and. 14 hours ago  Regenerating swamp forests so that native tree species diversity is maintained is a common forest management objective and is an important step in protecting ecosystem functions and values [8,9,10].Large-scale harvesting of forests, including swamps, occurred across the Southeastern United States until the middle of the 20th century [].Many of these.

Learn what an ecosystem is, how energy and matter move through ecosystems, and what makes an ecosystem stable.

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Swamp, wetland ecosystem characterized by mineral soils with poor drainage and by plant life dominated by trees. The latter characteristic distinguishes a swamp from a marsh, in which plant life consists largely of grasses.

Swamps are found. Stream Channelization and Swamp Formation in the U.S. Coastal Plain Article (PDF Available) in Physical Geography 25(1) January with Reads How we measure 'reads'. Threats to Bottomland Ecosystems •Research: effects of bottomland forest restoration on songbirds •Documenting how conservation actions benefit birds •Creating priorities for land acquisition.

Stream Channelization creates Gullies that drain wetlands Gully Wet Swamp Drained Swamp. THE IMPACT OF RIVER CHANNELIZATION IV THE ECOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF CHANNELIZATION M. BROOKER CHANNELIZATION IS the group of engineering practices used to control flooding, drain wetlands, improve river channels for navigation, control stream-bank erosion and improve river alignment (Brookes, ).

In England and Wales the. ECOSYSTEMS: FRES15 Oak - hickory FRES16 Oak - gum - cypress FRES17 Elm - ash - cottonwood FRES18 Maple - beech - birch STATES: AL AR CT DE FL GA HI IA IL IN KS KY LA MD ME MA MI MN MO MS NE NC NH NJ NY OH OK PA RI SC TN VA VT WV WI ON MEXICO BLM PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS: 14 Great Plains KUCHLER PLANT ASSOCIATIONS: K Northern floodplain forest K Maple - basswood forest.

The effects of flooding on the swamp forest in Lake Ocklawaha, Florida. Riparian vegetation recovery patterns following stream channelization: A geomorphic perspective. Restoring bottomland hardwood ecosystems in the Lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley.

Riparian-zone restoration is the ecological restoration of riparian-zone habitats of streams, rivers, springs, lakes, floodplains, and other hydrologic ecologies. A riparian zone or riparian area is the interface between land and a river or stream.

Riparian is also the proper nomenclature for one of the fifteen terrestrial biomes of the earth; the habitats of plant and animal communities along. A rare April freeze in provided researchers with further evidence that climate change could have negative effects on stream and forest ecosystems.

Your source for the latest research news. The team conducts numerous studies in the LMAV, looking at the effects of deforestation, stream channelization, and other land practices. Fish, mussels, and crayfish can all be critical indicators of water quality and biodiversity, and the data the team develops on ecology biology, and community structure and function inform efforts to restore.

Softwater streams are naturally low-nutrient ecosystems vulnerable to even modest increases in nutrients. These small streams are particularly vulnerable to the effects of the conversion of adjoining wetland and upland areas to development, resulting in faster and increased rates of stormwater runoff, stream channelization, and erosion.ECOSYSTEMS: FRES12 Longleaf - slash pine FRES13 Loblolly - shortleaf pine FRES14 Oak - pine FRES15 Oak - hickory FRES16 Oak - gum - cypress FRES17 Elm - ash - cottonwood STATES: AL AR DE FL GA IL IN KY LA MS MO NC OK SC TN TX VA WV BLM PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS: NO-ENTRY KUCHLER PLANT ASSOCIATIONS: K Oak - hickory forest .the major factors causing stream habitat loss and degradation and thereby a threat to biodiversity of running waters.

In the present study, the ecological impact of channelization on the fish fauna along a gradient of channelization severeness was examined. Besides channelization, stream velocity and depth were taken in to account.